This group was thought to be extinct, but in 2011 found in a census that nearly 20,000 people identified as native in Tasmania. The Palawa or now know as the Aboriginal Tasmanians are found North and Northeastern of and Australian State south of the mainland.
This group health interests me because they have gone basically missing up until 2011. According to Australian Bureau of Statistics they have the lowest life expectancy from 15-20 years with is about my age right now. With numerous diseases plaguing them there is a national focus on trying to gather information on them. With there rapid health decline there are many health programs happening to help the Aboriginal people. Along with most indigenous groups the Aboriginal group saw conflict with the worlds infectious idea of colonialism.
They met the British colonialist in 1803. Before they met the British there were about 15,000 Aboriginal people. Diseases and violence brought by the colonists lowered their population to about 200 in 1833. In a lifetime their population was devastated. Now even though there are 20,000 they are still very ill and in need of medical help. The health problems start when they met the British back in 1803 if we can understand the root of their health problem, I think we can find a way to help improve their dire situation they are in today.
One thing I found to be just as detrimental problem is the complete lost of the indigenous language of the Tasmanian people. Some words of original Tasmanian are still in use by Palawa people. Also thousands of Tasmanian people consider themselves as Aboriginal Tasmanians because many Parlevar women bore children from European man.
A map of where Tasmania is here
The a map in the left is Tasmania, and the one on the right shows where it is located adjacent to Australia. The map on the left shows various geological places and town/ports but this map here shows the various places where the Aboriginal people are and the areas where the clans inhabits.
My three link